Miida MC840 Electronic Calculator
The Miida MC840 is a basic four-function home/office calculator from the early 1970's. The MC840 is a clone of a ground-breaking calculator, the Omron 800, which shattered the price barrier for a four-function desktop calculator when it was introduced April of 1971. After a time producing the 800 on its own, Omron made OEM agreements with vendors such as Miida and Adler to provide the guts for their calculators. This allowed other manufacturers to distinguish themselves with their own cabinet designs, using the low-cost insides developed by Omron to keep their prices down. Based on the date codes on the Hitahi-made IC's inside the machine, this machine was likely made in late 1972. The machine uses an 8-digit vacuum-fluorescent display panel (rather than discrete VF tubes), and has an additional 9th display position which contains a negative sign for display of negative numbers, and a "108" notation to indicate overflow (with the display showing an approximate result if multiplied by 100000000). The MC840 is housed in a sleek, wedge- shaped case with highly contrasting display panel and keys with a polar-white case color. The machine was definitely a styling statement for its time.
Miida 840 With Back Cover Removed
The calculator is built upon a three chip calculator chipset distributed by Omron. Omron didn't actually make the chips -- they farmed out the design and manufacture of the chipset to a new player in the large-scale MOS integrated circuit marketplace, Nortec Electronics. Nortec was a spinoff of a pioneer in MOS integrated circuitry called General Micro-electronics (GM-e). During the early days of GM-e, one of its employees had developed a small four-function, eight digit calculator based on GM-e's small-scale bipolar integrated circuit technology. This design was essentially re-implemented using large-scale MOS IC technology to create the chipset developed for Omron by Nortec. The Nortec chips were packaged in ceramic dual-inline packages, and were identified as ALPHA 1, ALPHA 2, and ALPHA 3. Due to a tactical error by Nortec, the price to Omron for the ALPHA chipset was raised. Omron would have nothing of it, dropped the contract with Nortec, and since Omron owned the design, hired Hitachi to take over production of the chips. It is not known if any Miida MC840's were made with the Nortec parts. All examples found thus far have the Hitachi-made parts, with part numbers of HD32104, HD32105, and HD32106.
Date codes on all of the chips in the exhibited machine are 2E, indicating mid-1972. The machine also uses Toshiba VF display driver chips, part number TM4352. The MC840 uses a magnetic reed switch keyboard, and a basic transistor-regulated power supply, with an internal voltage selection switch. The main board connects to the VF display panel via 14-pin IC-sockets on wire pigtails from the main board which plug onto the back of the display panel.
Miida 840 Circuit Board
The 840 is a floating point machine, with
the unusual distinction of having left to right digit entry. Many
calculators of the day used right to left digit entry. The calculator
offers a constant function which operates very differently than most.
The [K] key is a push-on/push-off key. When depressed, the [+=] and [-+]
keys lose their functionality. Only the multiply and divide keys function
perform any function when the constant function is active. The constant
is entered on the keyboard, then the [K] key is depressed, then any
number that you wish to be multiplied or divided by the constant is
entered, then the [X] or [÷] key pressed to calculate the result.
Any other numbers which are desired to be worked with the constant
can then be entered, followed by [X] or [÷], for as long as the
constant is desired. If a new constant is desired, the [K] key must
be released, the [C] key pressed to clear the constant, a new
constant entered, and the [K] key depressed again. This is a very
unusual method for providing a constant function, and in some ways,
Profile View of Miida 840 The Miida MC840 indicates overflow by
lighting the "108" indicator, and ignoring any keyboard input
except the [C] key. Pressing
the [C] key clears the overflow condition (and the machine).
Division by zero, oddly, results in a zero answer (or
-0 if the dividend was negative). While the [C] key is depressed,
the display remains blanked, which can be disconcerting. Sometimes when
the machine is powered up, the display is completely blank, requiring a press
of the [C] key to bring the machine to life. The machine performs the "all
nines" divided by 1 in about 1/3 second.
Profile View of Miida 840
The Miida MC840 indicates overflow by lighting the "108" indicator, and ignoring any keyboard input except the [C] key. Pressing the [C] key clears the overflow condition (and the machine). Division by zero, oddly, results in a zero answer (or -0 if the dividend was negative). While the [C] key is depressed, the display remains blanked, which can be disconcerting. Sometimes when the machine is powered up, the display is completely blank, requiring a press of the [C] key to bring the machine to life. The machine performs the "all nines" divided by 1 in about 1/3 second.